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COVID-19 vaccine: Know the facts
March 11, 2021
COVID-19 vaccine: Know the facts

What COVID-19 vaccines are available right now?

The FDA has issued emergency use authorizations for the two COVID-19 vaccines in the United States. They work in different ways, but have one thing in common: They are all safe and prevent serious illness, hospitalization and death from COVID-19.

Out of an abundance of caution, VCU and VCU Health System have stopped using the Johnson & Johnson vaccine immediately after the FDA and CDC recommended pausing its use until further review.

The bottom line is simple: The best vaccine is the one that’s available to you.

 

Moderna vaccine

Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine

How many shots?  2 shots, 28 days apart  2 shots, 21 days apart
What provided protection does the vaccine offer?
  • After two shots it’s 94% effective at preventing COVID-19 infection
  • Full protection occurs approx. 2 weeks after the second shot
  • Some initial protection is provided after the first shot
  • After two shots it’s 95% effective at preventing COVID-19 infection
  • Full protection occurs approx. 2 weeks after the second shot
  • Some initial protection is provided after the first shot
What are the possible side effects?  
  • Pain in arm
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Feeling under-the-weather
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Vomiting
 
  • Pain in arm
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Feeling under-the-weather
  • Swollen lymph nodes
Who is eligible for the vaccine?

For people 18 yrs. and older

If you’ve previously had a severe allergic reaction to any of the vaccine’s ingredients, the CDC recommends you do not get the vaccine

For people 16 yrs. and older

If you’ve previously had severe allergic reaction to any of the vaccine’s ingredients, the CDC recommends you do not get the vaccine

What type of vaccine is it? mRNA vaccine – It does not contain a live virus and cannot cause illness mRNA vaccine – It does not contain a live virus and cannot cause illness
Does it cause COVID-19 or other diseases? Will not cause COVID-19 or other diseases Will not cause COVID-19 or other diseases

Information as of March 5, 2021. If you have any questions or concerns about getting a COVID-19 vaccine, talk to your doctor.

Learn more about the COVID-19 vaccine, including information about eligibility and frequently asked questions.

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