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Clifton Lee, MD, FAAP, SFHM

Associate professor, Co-director - M3 Pediatric Clerkship, Fellowship director - Pediatric Hospital Medicine

Hospital medicine

Board Certifications

Pediatrics, Pediatric Hospital Medicine


VCU Medical Center Main Hospital
1250 E. Marshall Street
Richmond, VA 23219
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Areas of interest

Pediatric hospital medicine
Medical education
Quality Improvement


Dr. Lee is a native Virginian who grew up in Virginia Beach. He graduated from the University of Virginia with a BA in economics. He received his MD degree from the Medical College of Virginia in 1994 and completed his pediatric residency at VCU Health System in 1997. Afterward, he served as chief resident before leaving the comforts of VCU.

Dr. Lee has worked as an office practitioner and a pediatric emergency room physician at CJW Medical Center. In 2007, he started the pediatric hospitalist program at CJW Medical Center. In September 2011, he made the transition to academic medicine by accepting the director of pediatric hospital medicine position at the Children’s Hospital of Richmond at VCU (CHoR) where he has been ever since. He also serves as the co-director of the M3 Pediatric Clerkship and program director of pediatric hospital medicine fellowship. CHoR has the only pediatric hospital medicine fellowship in the Commonwealth of Virginia, and he has been instrumental in its inception. In 2015 Dr. Lee received the Senior Fellow in Hospital Medicine (SFHM) designation from the Society of Hospital Medicine. The SFHM designation gives hospitalists the opportunity to be recognized for their work and commitment to the practice of hospital medicine and the patients they serve.

Dr. Lee is actively involved with the Academic Pediatric Association (APA), COMSEP, a national organization for pediatric medical educators, and AAP Section on Hospital Medicine. Since 2019, Dr. Lee has been a member of the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) Subboard in Pediatric Hospital Medicine and was instrumental in the creation of the first PHM Board Certification Examination. Also in 2019, he has been a member of the NBME/COMSEP Pediatrics Subject Exam Item Writing and Review Group, responsible for the development of exam questions for the Pediatric Shelf Exam.

Dr. Lee serves on the National Board of Medical Examiner Pediatrics Subject Exam Item Writing and Review Group. He is one of 15 pediatric clerkship directors selected from across the US to create and review item writing to generate new content for testing on the third-year medical student’s Pediatrics Subject Exam.

Honors and Awards: Induction into Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society, faculty inductee (2020), Best Bedside Manner Award (2019), Irby-James Award for excellence in Clinical Teaching (2015), Richmond Magazine Top Docs (2012-present), Outstanding Teaching Award, Pediatric Clerkship (2012), VCUHS Physician Champion (2013), Best Teacher Award, Pediatric Clerkship (2013).


Medical School M.D., VCU School of Medicine
Residency VCU Health System

Research interests

Medical education ,Failure to thrive, Kawasaki disease


  • Lee C, Savage N, Wilson E, Brigle J, Poliakoff D, Shah R, Lowerre T. Sleeping Safely! A Quality Improvement Project to Minimize Nighttime Interruptions without Compromising Patient Care. Pediatric Quality & Safety. May/June 2021:6(3): e404. doi: 10.1097/pq9.0000000000000404 PMID: 33977192
  • Ibrahim G, Ghotra M, Lee C, Helou M. Students Supporting Black Lives Matter During COVID Pandemic. Medical Education. DOI: PMID: 33691340
  • Coe M, Castellano L, Rook M, Reyes J, Mendoza J, Cheney D, Gardner T, Austin J, Lee C. Incidence of Refeeding Syndrome in Children With Failure to Thrive. Hosp Pediatr. DOI: PMID: 33168566
  • Rodgers V, Tripathi J, Lockeman K, Helou M, Lee C, Ryan M. Implementation of a workplace-based assessment system to measure performance of the Core EPAs in the Pediatric Clerkship. Acad Pediatr. DOI: PMID: 33035730
  • Schefft M, Lee C, Munoz J. Discharge Criteria Decrease Variability and Improve Efficiency. Hosp Pediatr. 2020;10(4): 318-324. PMID 32179570
  • Farquhar B, Gonzalez A, Lee C, Jones K. Resident Rounds: A Boy Refusing to Walk. Clin Pediatr. 2019;58(10): 1140-1143. PMID 31271043
  • Tseng A, Gowda M, Lee C. Index of Suspicion: Case 3: Left Eye Swelling in a 9-year-old Girl. Pediatr Rev. 2019;40(8): 428-430. PMID 31371637
  • Ryan MS, Quigley PD, Lee CC, et al. Innovation to dissemination workshop: selecting outcome measures to translate educational innovations into scholarship. MedEdPORTAL. 2018;14:10759.
  • Ryan MS, Bishop S, Browning J, Anand RJ, Waterhouse E, Rigby F, Al-Mateen CS, Lee C, Bradner M, Colbert-Getz JM. Are Scores From NBME Subject Examinations Valid Measures of Knowledge Acquired During Clinical Clerkships? Acad Med. 2017 Jun;92(6):847-852. PMID 28557951
  • Suntum T, Allen N, Pagano S, Jaworski M, Duncan L, Lee C. Remembering MUDPILES: A Case of Unexplained Metabolic Acidosis. Hospital Pediatrics. 2017;7(6): 357-360. PMID 28487291
  • Le Hanh, Lee C. Case in Point: An Unexpected Case of Intestinal Ischemia (Meckel?s Diverticulum). Consultant for Pediatricians. 2016; 15(8):418-420.
  • Schlak A, Greenfield K, Crewe S, Lee C. Abnormal Findings Lead to Surprising Diagnosis (Cutaneous Crohn?s Disease). Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2017 Apr;56(4):402-404. doi: 10.1177/0009922816649002. Epub 2016 Jul 19. PMID 27169715
  • Carter A, Lee C. Dermclinic: What is Causing This Boy?s Swollen, Bleeding, and Pustular Rash? (PLEVA). Consultant for Pediatricians. 2016; 15(4):201-202.
  • Fuchs J, Pathak S. Lee C, Schmidt J. Recalcitrant Tachypnea in a 2 Month Old Boy. Pediatrics in Review. 2015;36;74 DOI: 10.1542/pir.36-2-74. PMID 2564631

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  • Specialty: Pediatric Hospital Medicin

Board Certifications

Clinical Interests

  • Pediatric hospital medicine
  • Medical education
  • Quality Improvement

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