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Common causes of summertime concussions and how to avoid them
July 29, 2020

Summertime activites that can cause concussions

Summer means it’s time to PLAY! Along with fun in the sun (and water!) comes risk for concussion, a type of traumatic brain injury that can range from mild to severe. In the past week alone, our concussion team has seen kids for concussions from skateboarding, a slip n’ slide and a trampoline – but the most common cause of summertime concussions might surprise you!

Athletic Trainer Kassandra Kelly answers some of our top questions about concussions and how to keep kids safe this summer and all year round.

What activities most commonly result in concussions for kids?

Overall, the number one cause of traumatic brain injury that brings children ages 0-5 to the emergency room is falling. In children ages 5-14, it’s being struck by or against an object.

During the summer months, the causes of pediatric concussion shift a bit with the playground being the most common culprit. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, children 0-4 most often sustain brain injuries on swings and slides. For older kids ages 5-14, swings continue to be a danger spot, along with monkey bars and climbing equipment.

How do the rates of concussions from typical summer activities compare to rates from sports?

concussions during summerWhile we typically associate concussions with high-contact sports (and rightly so), playing on a playground and riding a bicycle are two of the top five causes of traumatic brain injuries seen in emergency departments, coming in only behind football and basketball. 

It’s also common to see concussions from other summertime recreational activities, including swimming, playing on a trampoline, and riding scooters and all-terrain vehicles.

What precautions should kids and parents take to help prevent these concussions?

1.     Wear helmets!

It’s important that your child wears a properly fitted helmet while riding a bike, scooter, all-terrain vehicle or skateboard. While a helmet can’t prevent a concussion, it can reduce the risk of a skull fracture in the event of a fall. It is also important to check the helmet for any cracks or other damage prior to use, especially after a fall. Damaged helmets are not as affective at preventing injury and should be replaced.

2.     Practice playground precautions

There are a number of steps you can take to help promote safety on the playground:

  • Make sure the equipment is appropriate for your child’s age.
  • Check for any signs of danger, such as rusty or damaged equipment, or any tripping hazards on the ground.
  • Inspect the guardrails on equipment, making sure they’re sturdy and the proper height for your child.
  • Be sure that your child is supervised at all times while playing. While most playground-related concussions happen on public playgrounds, they do still occur on backyard equipment.

3.     Be vigilant about water-related concussion hazards

Water activities are a great way to cool off during the heat of summer, and safety is key during these activities as well. Before allowing your child to enter a swimming pool, lake, river or pond, check the depth and clarity of the water. If you don’t know the depth, or can’t see what’s below the surface, make sure they DO NOT dive head first. Doing so can cause them to injure their head on the bottom or another object such as a rock. This not only can result in a head injury, but serious neck and facial injuries as well. 

Caution should also be taken when using slip n’ slides and sprinklers. Check the ground for any tripping dangers and make sure to use a soft, level surface, with no hazards such as rocks or tree roots underneath. Check the slip n’ slide instructions for proper use and be sure it is positioned so there’s plenty of room to safely come to a stop at the end of the slide.

4.     Supervise and recognize concussion symptoms

Regardless of what they’re doing, kids should be properly supervised at all times. Be aware of the signs and symptoms of concussion so you can remove your child from activity and seek proper treatment if needed.

Is the concussion recovery process different in the summer than during the school year, given the looser schedules and fewer cognitive demands?

While summer tends to be more relaxed, safe concussion recovery does still require attention to detail.

1.     Maintain a routine sleep schedule

It’s important that your child maintain good sleep hygiene habits. Getting a good night’s sleep is vital to the recovery process, yet up to 80% of those who sustain a concussion report having some sort of sleep disturbance during recovery. Sleep disruption often contributes to things like concentration issues, memory problems, fatigue and moodiness, which are already common with concussion. Monitor your child’s sleeping habits and promote quality sleep every night.

2.     Remember to hydrate

Proper hydration is an important part of your child’s recovery from a concussion. During the hot summer months, it’s especially easy to become dehydrated which can worsen concussion symptoms such as headaches, fatigue and dizziness. Encourage your child to drink plenty of water during their recovery and try to avoid sugary and caffeinated beverages that offer little nutritional value.

3.     Be aware of social issues

After a concussion, some kids may feel isolated from their friends if they’re unable to participate in activities such as camp, sports and simply hanging out while they recover. They may also feel pressure to “get back out there” prematurely as they see their friends continuing with their normal summer activities. Check in with your child regularly to see how they’re coping.

4.     Keep tabs on screen time

Use of technology, such as televisions, tablets and smart phones, can impact your child’s symptoms as they recover. Monitor technology use during recovery to see if it is negatively impacting symptoms and set appropriate limits if using technology is unavoidable.

Look for more tips on staying safe while having fun this summer.

If you suspect your child or teen has a concussion or brain injury, seek medical attention right away by calling 804-628-4878 or 855-742-4878 (toll-free)

 

 

References

Cheng, T. A., Bell, J. M., Haileyesus, T., Gilchrist, J., Sugerman, D. E., & Coronado, V. G. (2016). Nonfatal Playground-Related Traumatic Brain Injuries Among Children, 2001-2013. Pediatrics137(6), e20152721.

Sarmiento, K., Thomas, K. E., Daugherty, J., Waltzman, D., Haarbauer-Krupa, J. K., Peterson, A. B., Haileyesus, T., & Breiding, M. J. (2019). Emergency Department Visits for Sports- and Recreation-Related Traumatic Brain Injuries Among Children - United States, 2010-2016. MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report68(10), 237–242.

TBI: Get the Facts. (2019, March 11). Retrieved June 12, 2020, from https://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/get_the_facts.html

Playground Safety.  (2019, February 6). Retrieved June 12, 2020, from https://www.cdc.gov/safechild/playground/index.html

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