Above Meets Beyond
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Thomas Yeh Jr., MD, PhD, FACS

Director, Children's Hospital Foundation Heart Center
Chief, Cardiac Surgery

Cardiothoracic Surgery
Chest Wall Program

Children's Pavilion
Gateway Building, 5th floor

Appointments: (804) 828-CHOR (2467)

Board Certifications

American Board of Thoracic Surgery

Medical School

The Johns Hopkins University


VCU Medical Center (general surgery and cardiothoracic surgery)


The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto (pediatric cardiothoracic surgery)


PhD: Virginia Commonwealth University
BS: Duke University

Areas of Interest

  • Automatic implantable cardiac defibrillator (AICD)

  • Aortic coarctation and arch repair

  • Coronary artery abnormalities

  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome/single ventricle repairs

  • Staged surgical repair (1: Norwood operation, 2: bidirectional Glenn operation, 3: Fontan operation)

  • Hybrid palliation (placement of bilateral pulmonary artery bands, ductal stenting, atrial septostomy or stent implantation)

  • Minimally invasive treatment of chest wall defects (Nuss procedure)

  • Pectus carinatum

  • Pectus excavatum

  • Pacemaker placement and management

  • Septal defects

  • Atrial septal defects (ASD)

  • Ventricular septal defects (VSD)

  • Atrioventricular septal defects (AV canal defects)

  • Single ventricle repairs

  • BT shunt or pulmonary artery banding

  • Glenn procedure

  • Fontan procedure

  • Tetralogy of fallot

  • Total anomalous pulmonary venous return

  • Transposition of the great arteries (arterial switch repair)

  • Truncus arteriosus

  • Valve repairs and replacements

  • Aortic, pulmonary, tricuspid, and mitral valves

  • Ebstein's anomaly

Recent Publications

Sehic A, Austin EH, Yeh T Jr, Pollock S, Edmonds H. Fosphenitoin-methylprednisolone neuroprotection during cardiac surgery. (In preparation).

Yeh T Jr, McDonald MJ, Webb SJ, Hauck MA, Koenig SC. The effect of thyroid hormone on the myocardial apoptosis accompanying brain death. (In preparation).

Yeh T Jr, Graham LJ, Loesser KE, Sica DA, Wechsler AS, Jakoi ER. Increased intracranial pressure differentially alters left versus right myocardial ventricular gene expression in vivo. Cardiovascular Research. (In preparation).

Beckles, DL, Nikaidoh H, Eapen R, Fixler D, Yeh T Jr. Tricuspid Valve Blood Cyst in a 13 Year Old Boy (Submitted)

Yeh T Jr, McDonald MJ, Webb SJ, Schroeder MJ, Hauck MA, Ruest LB, Wang E, Koenig SC. Myocardial apoptosis forty-eight hours after brain death: implications in donor heart dysfunction. Annals of Thoracic Surgery (Submitted, in Revision).

Guerra, VC, Recto MR, Goldman, C, Yeh T Jr. Anomalous aortic origin of the coronary artery (AAOCA): does pulmonary artery translocation exert any effect on coronary artery course or compression? JTCVS 2013 Dec, 146(6):1549-51.

Recto MR, Doyle S, Yang SG, Guerra VC, Yeh Jr T. Recognition and management of variations in ductal morphology in high risk patients undergoing hybrid stage I palliation. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions. 2013 May;82:519-25.

Steed M, Guerra VC, Recto MR, Yang SG, Frieberg E, Fox C, Yeh Jr . Ventricular septal avulsion and ventricular septal defect following blunt trauma. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2012 Nov;94(5):1714-6.

Hickey E, Caldarone CA, Blackstone EH, Williams WG, Yeh T Jr, Pizarro C, Lofland G, Tchervenkov CI, Pigula F, McCrindle BW, and the Congenital Heart Surgeon's Society. Biventricular strategies for neonatal critical aortis stenosis: high mortality associated with early re-intervention. JTCVS 2012 Aug:144:409-17.

Recto MR, Doyle S, Massicotte MP, Guerra VC, Yang SG, Yeh T Jr. Right pulmonary artery thrombosis after hybrid stage I palliation: resolution after direct tissue plasminogen activator infusion. Pediatric Cardiology 2012 Mar;34:185-8.

Recto MR, Stohs M, Yeh Jr T. Contraction of the Amplatzer vascular plug I & II in pulmonary artery and systemic venous collateral vessels is safe and of no hemodynamic or vascular consequence in short- and mid-term follow-up. Journal of Invasive Cardiology: 2012: Apr 24;4:145-50. November 28, 2011.

Jegatheeswaran A, McCrindle BW, Blackstone EH, Jacobs ML, Lofland GK, Austin EH 3rd, Yeh T, Morell V, Jacobs JP, Jonas RA, Cai S, Rajeswaran J, Ricci, M, Williams WG, Caldarone C, DeCampli WM. Persistent Risk of Subsequent Procedures and Mortality in Patients after Interrupted Aortic Arch Repair: A Congenital Heart Surgeons? Society Study. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 2010 Nov;140(5):1059-75.e2.

Hickey EJ, Yeh T Jr, Jacobs JP, Caldarone CA, Tchervenkov CI, McCrindle BW, Lacour-Gayet F, Pizarro C. Ross and Yasui operations for complex biventricular repair in infants with critical left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2010 Feb; 37:279-278.

Bacha EA, Cooper D, Thiagarajan R, Franklin RC, Krogmann O, Deal B, Mavroudis C, Shukla A, Yeh T, Barach P, Wessel D, Stellin G, Colan SD. Cardiac complications associated with the treatment of patients with congenital cardiac disease: consensus definitions from the Multi-Societal Database Committee for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease. Cardiol Young. 2008 Dec;18 Suppl 2:196-201. Review

Lodge AJ, Wells WJ, Backer CL, O'Brien JE Jr, Austin EH, Bacha EA, Yeh T Jr, Decampli WM, Lavin PT, Weinstein S. A novel bioresorbable film reduces postoperative adhesions after infant cardiac surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Aug;86(2):614-21.

Hickey, EJ, McCrindle BW, Blackstone EH, Yeh T Jr, Pigula F, Clarke D, Tchervenkov CI. Hawkins J, and the CHSS Pulmonary Conduit Working Group. Jugular venous valved conduit (Contegra?) matches allograft performance in infant truncus arteriosus repair. European Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008; 890-8.

Hickey EJ, Caldarone C, Blackstone EH, Lofland G, Yeh T Jr, Pizarro C, Tchervenkov CI, Pigula F, Overman DM, Jacobs ML, McCrindle BW, and the Congenital Heart Surgeon's Society. Critical left ventricular outflow tract obstruction: the disproportionate impact of biventricular repair in borderline cases. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 2007 Dec;134(6):1429-36; discussion 1436-7. Epub 2007 Nov 8.

Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML, Mavroudis C, Maruszewski B, Tchervenkov CI, Lacour-Gayet FG, Clarke DR, Yeh T, Walters HL 3rd, Kurosawa H, Stellin G, Ebels T, Elliott MJ, Barach P, Benavidez OJ, Bacha E. What is Operative Morbidity? Defining Complications in a Surgical Registry Database: A Report of the STS Congenital Database Taskforce and the Joint EACTS-STS Congenital Database Committee. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2007;84:1416-21

Yeh T Jr, Ramaciotti C, Leonard SR, Roy L, Nikaidoh H. The aortic translocation (Nikaidoh) procedure: midterm results superior to the Rastelli procedure. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Feb;133(2):461-9.

Karamlou T, Blackstone EH, Hawkins JA, Jacobs ML, Kanter KR, Brown JW, Mavroudis C, Caldarone CA, Williams WG, McCrindle BW, and the Pulmonary Conduit Working Group* (*Tchervenkov CI, Overman DM, Yeh T Jr, Jacobs JP, Lambert LM). Can pulmonary conduit dysfunction and failure be reduced in infants and children less than 2 years at initial implantation? Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 2006;132:829-38.

Jacobs JP, Mavroudis C, Jacobs ML, Maruszewski B, Tchervenkov CI, Lacour-Gayet FG, Clarke DR, Yeh T Jr, Walters HL III, Kurosawa H, Stellin G, Ebels T, Elliott MJ, STS Congenital Database Taskforce, Joint EACTS-STS Congenital Database Committee. What is operative mortality? Defining death in a surgical registry database: A report of the STS Congenital Database Taskforce and the Joint EACTS-STS Congenital Database Committee. Ann Thorac Surgery. 2006;81:1937-41.

Yeh T Jr., Kavarana MN. Cardiopulmonary bypass and the coagulation system. Progress in Pediatric Cardiology 2005:21;87-115.

Kavarana MN, Pagni S, Recto MR, Sobczyk WL, Yeh T Jr, Mitchell M, Austin EH III. Seven-year clinical experience with the extracardiac pedicled pericardial Fontan operation. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Jul;80(1):37-43; discussion 43.

Recto, MR, Yeh T Jr, Sobczyk WL, Johnsrude CL. Tanscatheter Ablation of Supraventricular Tachycardia and Closure of a Large Secundum ASD in a Jehovah's Witness. J Kentucky Medical Association. 2005 May;103:247-52.

Ungerleider RM, Shen I, Yeh T Jr, Schultz J, Butler R, Silberbach M, Giacomuzzi C, Heller E, Studenberg L, Mejak B, You J, Farrell D, McClure S, Austin EH. Routine ventricular assist following the Norwood procedure–improved neurologic outcome and excellent hospital survival. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2004;77:18-22.

Recto MR., Sobczyk WL, Yeh T Jr. Right superior vena cava draining predominantly into the left atrium causing cyanosis in a young child. Pediatric Cardiology. 2004;25:163-4. (Epub 2003, Nov 03)

Recto MR, Sobczyk W, Hadley T, Yeh T Jr. Left atrial thrombus formation on a cardioseal septal occlusion device in a patient with elevated factor VIII: Resolution with Medical Therapy. Journal of Invasive Cardiology 2003:15:594-6.

Yeh T Jr, Austin EH, Sehic A, Edmonds HL Jr. Rapid recognition and treatment of cerebral air embolism: the role of neuromonitoring. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 2003;126:589-91.

Recto MR, Sobczyk W, Yeh T Jr, Austin EH. Catheter closure of autologous pericardial extracardiac Fontan. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2003:75:587-90.

Yeh T Jr, Wechsler AS, Graham LJ, Loesser KE, Sica DA, Wolfe L, Jakoi ER. Central sympathetic blockade ameliorates brain death induced cardiotoxicity and associated changes in myocardial gene expression. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 2002;124:1087-98.

Recto MR, Bousamra J, Yeh T Jr. Late superior vena cava perforation and aortic laceration after stenting to treat superior vena cava syndrome secondary to fibrosing mediastinitis. Journal of Invasive Cardiology, 2002;14:624-9.

Yeh T Jr, Gouldman J, Austin EH, Auden SM, Seremet V, Edmonds, HL, Cerrito PB, Austin EH. Mixed venous oxygen consumption does not adequately predict cerebral perfusion during pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass. J Thoracic and Cardiovasc Surg 2001;122:192-3.

Yeh T Jr, Wechsler AS. Absence of vasospasm in radial artery CABG on high-dose norepinephrine. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 1999; 68:2349-50.

Yeh T Jr, Williams WG, McCrindle BW, Benson LN, Coles JG, Black MD, Van Arsdell GS, Webb GG, Freedom RM. Equivalent survival following cavopulmonary shunt: with or without the Fontan procedure. European J of Cardiothoracic Surgery 1999;16:111-16.

Yeh T Jr, Connelly MS, Coles JG, Webb GD, McLaughlin PR, Freedom RM, Williams WG. Atrioventricular Discordance: Results of repair in 127 patients. J Thoracic and Cardiovasc Surgery 1999;117:1190-1203.

Yeh T Jr, Wechsler AS, Graham LJ, Loesser KE, Sica DA, Wolfe L, Jakoi ER. Acute brain death alters left ventricular myocardial gene expression. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1999;117:365-74.

Dyke CM, Yeh T Jr, Lehman JD, Abd-Elfattah A, Ding M, Wechsler AS, Salter DR. As originally published in 1991: Triiodothyronine-enhanced left ventricular function after ischemic injury.Updated in 1998. Ann Thorac Surg 1998;66:1450-1.

Dignan RJ, Kadletz M, Dyke CM, Lutz HA, Yeh T Jr, Wechsler AS. Microvascular dysfunction after myocardial ischemia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995;109:892-8.

Wechsler AS, Entwistle III JC, Yeh T Jr, Ding M, Jakoi ER. Early gene changes in myocardial ischemia. Ann Thorac Surg 1994 Oct;58:1282-4.

Yeh T Jr, McGuire HH Jr. Intractable bleeding from anorectal varices relieved by inferior mesenteric vein ligation. Gastroenterology 1994 Oct;107:1165-7.

Yeh T Jr, Rebeyka IM, Jakoi ER, Johnson DE, Dignan RJ, Dyke CM, Wechsler AS. Orotic acid improves left ventricular recovery four days after heterotopic transplantation. Ann Thorac Surg 1994 Aug;58:409-15.

Wechsler AS, Entwistle JW III, Ding M, Yeh T Jr, Jakoi ER. Myocardial stunning: association with altered gene expression. J Card Surg 1994 May;9(3 Suppl): 537-42.

Yeh T Jr, Parmar JM, Rebeyka IM, Lofland GK, Allen EL, Dignan RJ, Dyke CM, Wechsler AS. Limiting edema in neonatal cardiopulmonary bypass with narrow-range molecular

Lehman JD, Dyke C, Abd-Elfattah A, Yeh T Jr, Ding M, Ezrin A, Wechsler AS. Polyethylene glycol-conjugated superoxide dismutase attenuates reperfusion injury when administered twenty-four hours before ischemia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1992 Dec;104:1597-601.

Dignan RJ, Yeh T Jr, Dyke CM, Lutz HA 3rd, Wechsler AS. The influence of age and sex on human internal mammary artery size and reactivity. Ann Thorac Surg 1992 May; 53: 792-7. Comments in Ann Thorac Surg 1992 Nov; 54: 1020-1.

Dignan RJ, Yeh T Jr, Dyke CM, Lee KF, Lutz HA III, Ding M, Wechsler AS. Reactivity of gastroepiploic and internal mammary arteries. Relevance to coronary artery bypass grafting. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1992 Jan;103:116-22, discussion 122-3. Erratum J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1992 Sep; 104: 678. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1994 Feb; 107: 647.

Dignan RJ, Duke CM, Abd-Elfattah AS, Lutz HA, Yeh T Jr, Lee KF, Parmar J, Wechsler AS. Coronary artery endothelial cell and smooth muscle dysfunction after global myocardial ischemia. Ann Thorac Surg 1992 Feb;53:311-7.

Lee KF, Hanan SA, Tuchy GE, Rebeyka IM, Yeh T Jr, Borges MR, Abd-Elfattah AS, Wechsler AS. Skeletal muscle extraaortic counterpulsation. A true arterial counterpulsation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1991 Nov;102:757-65.

Dyke CM, Lee KF, Parmar J, Dignan RJ, Yeh T Jr, Abd-Elfattah AS, Wechsler AS. Inotropic stimulation and oxygen consumption in a canine model of dilated cardiomyopathy. Ann Thorac Surg 1991 Oct;52:750-8.

Lee KF, Dignan RJ, Parmar JM, Dyke CM, Benton G, Yeh T Jr, Abd-Elfattah AS, Wechsler AS. Effects of dynamic cardiomyoplasty on left ventricular performance and myocardial mechanics in dilated cardiomyopathy. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1991 Jul; 102:124-31.

Dyke CM, Yeh T Jr, Lehman JD, Abd-Elfattah AS, Ding M, Wechsler AS, Salter DR. Triiodothyronine-enhanced left ventricular function after ischemic injury. Ann Thorac Surg 1991 Jul;52:14-9.

Dworkin GH, Abd-Elfattah AS, Yeh T Jr, Wechsler AS. Efficacy of recombinant-derived human superoxide dismutase on porcine left ventricular contractility after normothermic global myocardial ischemia and hypothermic cardioplegic arrest. Circulation 1990 Nov; 82(5 Suppl):IV 359-66.

Rebeyka IM, Yeh T Jr, Hanan SA, Borges MR, Lee KF, Tuchy GE, Abd-Elfattah AS, Wechsler AS. Altered contractile response in neonatal myocardium to citrate-phosphate-dextrose infusion. Circulation 1990;82(5 Suppl):IV 367-70.

Rebeyka IM, Hanan SA, Borges MR, Lee KF, Yeh T Jr, Tuchy GE, Abd-Elfattah AS, Williams WG, Wechsler AS. Rapid cooling contracture of the myocardium. The adverse effect of prearrest cardiac hypothermia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1990 Aug; 100: 240-9. Comments in: J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1990 Sep;100: 458-60.

Yeh T Jr, Hanan SA, Johnson DE, Rebeyka IM, Abd-Elfattah AS, Lee KF, Wechsler AS. Superior myocardial preservation with modified UW solution after prolonged ischemia in the rat heart. Ann Thorac Surg 1990;49:932-9.

Yeh T Jr, Shelton L, and Yeh TJ. Blood loss and bank blood requirement in coronary bypass surgery. Ann Thorac Surg 1978;26:11-16.


Dr. Thomas Yeh joined the faculty at Children's Hospital of Richmond at VCU (CHoR) in October 2014 as Director of the Heart Center and Chief of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery. Dr. Yeh completed his residency at VCU Medical Center and continued his training at some of the country's most prestigious children's hospitals. With nearly 20 years of experience and thousands of successful pediatric cardiac surgeries, Dr. Yeh is now the most experienced cardiac surgeon in Virginia.

Before coming to CHoR, Dr. Yeh served as the Elias Hanna Cardiovascular Foundation Professor and Chair of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Director of the Pediatric Heart Center at Tulane Medical Center from 2007 - 2014. Dr. Yeh was integral in the rebuilding Tulane's pediatric heart program post Hurricane Katrina. He was honored in the Louisiana section of Best Doctors in America from 2011 - 2014.

Prior to his time in Louisiana, Dr. Yeh was associate professor at Children's Medical Center of Dallas (2003 - 2007) and assistant professor at Kosair Children's Hospital at University of Louisville (1998 - 2003). Dr. Yeh also served as chief fellow of the prestigious pediatric cardiac surgery program at The Hospital for Sick Children at the University of Toronto.

Dr. Yeh's current and past professional memberships include:

  • American College of Cardiology
  • American College of Surgeons (FACS)
  • American Medical Association
  • Congenital Heart Surgeon's Society
  • International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation
  • Medical College of Virginia Humera Society
  • Society of Critical Care Medicine
  • Society of Thoracic Surgeons
  • Southern Thoracic Surgical Association

    Dr. Yeh has been an invited reviewer for numerous publications including American Journal of Cardiology, Annals of Surgery, Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, and Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

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