Tid★Bits Magazine Spring 2011
Tuesday, May 3, 2011
In this issue:
- From Concussions to Coma: Understanding the Symptoms of Brain Injuries
- New Pediatric Emergency Room
- The Dangers of Intentional Poisonings
- Special Focus: Crib Safety
- Family Picnic Ideas
The Nature of Brain Injury
A traumatic brain injury is a form of brain injury typically caused by a blow or jolt to the head or body severe enough to cause bruising, bleeding or swelling of the brain or tearing of brain tissue. The word "concussion" is a term for a traumatic brain injury.
Whether considered mild, moderate or severe, a brain injury/concussion may result in loss of memory and thinking skills, physical problems, and changes in behavioral or emotional functioning (moods, self-esteem, motivation, etc.). More than 90 percent of brain injuries are labeled mild and it is important to note that the term "mild" describes the cause of the injury, not necessarily the related issues and deficits listed above that may result. An individual can have a strong recovery after experiencing a severe brain injury and being unconscious for weeks in a coma, while an individual with a mild concussion who never lost consciousness may have lasting issues. Many children with mild traumatic brain injuries are treated in a doctor?s office or emergency department and not admitted to the hospital.
Overall because a child?s brain is still developing, brain injuries typically have a more serious impact on children than adults. Additionally, the full effects of a brain injury may not be visible right after the injury occurs, especially in children. Problems related to a child?s functioning may be seen as the child gets older and faces more difficult learning requirements of higher grade levels in school and expectations for improved social behavior associated with growth.